A tireless journey always leads to a beautiful destination. The 65-years aspirations for sustainable peace, good governance, development, and prosperity finally came to be true after long struggles, sweat and sacrifices of Nepalese people. It was on the same day i.e. Ashoj 3, six years ago when Constitution of Nepal 2015 (नेपालको संविधान २०७२) came into effect on Sept 20, 2015, regarding the Interim Constitution of 2007. To embark this auspicious day of the history, Nepal celebrates national constitution day on Ashoj 3 every year.
“Constitution of Nepal 2015” is the present governing Constitution of Nepal which is divided into 35 parts, 308 Articles and 9 Schedules. Following the failure of the First Constituent Assembly the Constitution was drafted by the Second Constituent Assembly to produce a constitution in its mandated period after the devastating earthquake in April 2015. The constitution was endorsed by 90% of the total legislators.
Restructuring Nepal into a federal republic nation transitioning from constitutional monarchy and unitary system, the constitution divided the nation into three tiers: federal, provincial and local. A solely central government, seven provinces and 753 local chapters make the present structure of government. All these three tiers hold the common guiding principle “ Holding Together” based on Co-existence, Co-operation and Coordination.
Nepal is now an “independent, indivisible, sovereign, secular, inclusive, democratic, socialism-oriented, federal democratic republican state.” Federal republic of Nepal’s consitution 2072 was promulgated ending all forms of discrimination and oppression created by the feudalistic, autocratic, centralized, unitary system of governance; Protecting and promoting social and cultural solidarity, tolerance and harmony, and unity in diversity by recognizing the multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi-religious, multi-cultural and diverse regional characteristics; Resolving to build an egalitarian society founded on the proportional inclusive and participatory principles in order to ensure economic equality, prosperity and social justice, by eliminating discrimination based on class, caste, region, language, religion and gender and all forms of caste-based untouchability, and being committed to socialism based on democratic norms and values including the people’s competitive multi-party democratic system of governance, civil liberties, fundamental rights, human rights, adult franchise, periodic elections, full freedom of the press, and independent, impartial and competent judiciary and concept of the rule of law, and build a prosperous nation.
The constitution of Nepal 2072 is a matter of pride and common God of law. Its our responsibilities to abide by from our inner heart. May this constitution brings peace and prosperity of Nepal and Nepali citizens.